Research Papers

CPD study stresses the importance of an updated ‘Data Universe’ for RMG Enterprises

Bullet points There are a total of 3856 factories consisting of around 3.6 million workers. Over 98% of total RMG enterprises are located in four districts including Dhaka (37.9%), Gazipur (28.9%), Chittagong (16.1%) and Narayanganj (14.7%) Reasons being better infrastructural facilities, easy availability of workers, better access to major trade routes for import and export as well as logistic and ...

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Remediation financing in Bangladesh’s ready made garment sector

Published on the ILO website  Until recently, there were no financial products specifically available to the RMG sector for remediation. Factory owners faced a long bureaucratic loan application process and could only accept available term loans with high interest rates. (Interest rates for loans in local currency can range from 11% to 18% for smaller enterprises, and from 9% to ...

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Global apparel consumption slowing down: retailers closing stores, online sale on the rise

A number of prominent global apparel retailers have gone bankrupt in the recent years. The trend started in 2016 and it continues in 2017. Many are planning to shut down their outlets. There is a decreased demands of apparel products and exporting countries have seen slow down of exporting performance in the recent years. Many experts say that this is ...

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Will automation and robotics have impact on jobs?

Published on the ILO website A research conducted by International Labour Organisation indicates that automation and robotics will have the largest impact on jobs in the industry throughout the region. The report said that robots are becoming better at assembly, cheaper and increasingly able to collaborate with people. They are also critical in making firms more productive and workplaces safer. One ...

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U.S. Fashion industry survey says respondents cautious about expanding sourcing from Bangladesh in the next two years

The 2017 Fashion Industry Benchmarking Study reveals that overall, respondents are cautious about expanding sourcing from Bangladesh in the next two years, with only 32 percent expecting to somewhat increase sourcing from Bangladesh, and none expecting to substantially increase sourcing from the country. The report said that respondents were much more optimistic about Bangladesh in 2015 and 2014 when as ...

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Margin and Its Relation with Firm Level Compliance Illustration on Bangladesh Apparel Value Chain

Bangladesh and other apparel sourcing countries have made significant progress in the apparel value chain in the last few decades. However, social up-gradation remains weak in the supplying countries. A study conducted by Dr Khondaker G Moazzem and Kishore K Basak of Centre for Policy Dialogue have found that weak institutional structure of the judicial system in the supplying countries ...

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Do wage policies impact productivity in the garment sector ?

Published on the ILO website Competition among global garment buyers across the region is therefore motivated not just by the drive to expand export market share and economic growth but also by the potential to create jobs. The key, however, is to ensure that industry dynamism leads to better-quality jobs with decent wages. Despite some progress, industry wages remain low ...

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Do foreign trade barriers impact jobs in global supply chains?

Published on the ILO website This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of how trade and trade policies shape job creation and destruction across countries in the context of a globally fragmented production, by considering manufacturing and services jobs separately. The analysis takes into account not only tariff and non-tariff barriers to goods trade, but also barriers to ...

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Wage Fixing Institutions in Bangladesh: Limitations and Challenges

Bangladesh’s garments and some other manufacturing and service sectors have become globally competitive over the last three decades. Though there were many up-gradations in terms of technology and trade within these industries, wage fixing institutions such as minimum wage and collective bargaining arrangement are still at early stage of development.  A 2015 CPD study by Dr Khondaker Golam Moazzem, Mahtab ...

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